POLICY BRIEF: Improving teacher working groups in Indonesia, October 2019
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The Indonesian system of school clusters (gugus) and teachers’ working groups (kelompok kerja guru or KKG) is well established, but is not yet used to best effect as a vehicle…

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POLICY BRIEF: Early grade literacy in Indonesia, October 2019
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Basic literacy is the foundation for all learning, including for science, technology, mathematics, character education and higher-order thinking. Literacy is recognised as a key skill for the 21st century, and…

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POLICY BRIEF: Inclusive education, October 2019
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Education for all has been Indonesian  policy since it was first agreed in 2000 through the Dakar Declaration. Responding to the agreement, the Government of Indonesia implemented an education-for-all program…

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POLICY BRIEF: Assessment for improved learning outcomes, October 2019
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An effective assessment system provides students, teachers, parents and government with valid and reliable information about learning outcomes. Assessment informs teachers’ planning so they can tailor lessons to students’ needs,…

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POLICY BRIEF: Multi-grade teaching, October 2019
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According to the World Bank, over 30 per cent of the world’s children are taught in multi-grade classes. In many small primary schools and madrasah in Indonesia, there is no…

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