Replicating INOVASI’s pilot programs in Sumba through local ownership

Program sustainability is a core feature of the INOVASI program. With effective dissemination of pilot results and approaches, non-partner schools, teachers, students and communities stand to benefit from improved education quality and learning outcomes.   In Sumba, INOVASI works in all four districts across the island, with strong support from education forum ‘Forum Peduli Pendidikan Sumba’ (FPPS), a government group providing oversight to education programs and activities.  Just last month, and in the spirit of pilot dissemination and sustainability, the FPPS hosted a workshop with a range of Sumba partner institutions, including INOVASI’s grantee organisations. The workshop, held at Setda Hall in Waingapu, East Sumba, was an opportunity to plan for INOVASI pilot scale out.

The event was a follow up to the May 24 FPPS meeting in Waingapu, where two key recommendations were discussed. These recommendations were to a) utilise opportunities for cooperation with INOVASI partners through a self-management scheme, and 2) with the FPPS, INOVASI could facilitate a forum to share experiences about how CSR and business can support activities and collaboration.

In his opening remarks at last month’s FPPS workshop, the Chairman of FPPS, Umbu Lili Pekuwali, also the East Sumba district Deputy Regent, stressed the importance of establishing independent cooperation with partner institutions to ensure program sustainability and dissemination.

“Dissemination of the results of this pilot requires collaboration from various parties. The government of four districts in Sumba needs to build cooperation with other institutions, especially partner institutions of INOVASI.”

It was expected that through last month’s workshop, government leaders of Sumba’s four districts would have a shared understanding of how the process of self organisation and management, supported by local government (APBD) funds, would lead to the dissemination of pilot results and approaches.  “We invited speakers to provide an overview and guidance to the Regional Governments of the four districts, related to how to cooperate with non-governmental organizations,” said Umbu Lili Pekuwali.

Event speakers included Andi Darmawan and Andy Purwa Sejati from the Directorate of Public Procurement Strategy and Policy Development, the Government Goods / Services Procurement Policy Agency (LKPP) and Isono Sadoko from the AKATIGA Social Analysis Center.

In Indonesia, the procurement of services and government goods is regulated in Presidential Regulation Number 54 Year 2010, which was then replaced by Presidential Regulation Number 16 Year 2018. Under the previous law, the involvement of CSOs in the provision of goods and services for public government was not regulated. Now, under new law No. 16, the involvement of CSOs has been accommodated through a new scheme – type III self-management.

In his opening presentation, Andy Purwa Sejati said that the birth of this regulation was motivated by the government’s need for goods and services that cannot be provided by business actors or through Self-Management Types I, II, and IV. This Type III self-management provides an opportunity for CSOs to be involved in improving the quality of public services and programs carried out by the government.

Speaking next, Isono Sadoko further explained the objectives of Type III Self-Management. According to him, CSOs are not new players in the world of development. There are many CSOs in Indonesia that have extensive experience in various fields. By involving them in this scheme, they can support the government to improve the quality and reach of its services. In doing so, the community is then actively able to participate in the development process. In addition, Type III self-management can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of performance and the technical capabilities of CSO human resources.

Andi Darmawan highlighted the types of self management that are conducive to procuring good and services, as well as requirements that must be met by CSOs if they are to be selected:

Organisations seeking to comply with the government regulation must satisfy nine requirements:

  1. Is a foundation or association registered at Kemenkumham?
  2. Have a NPWP and have fulfilled the tax obligations of the past year?
  3. Has an organizational structure?
  4. Has a Statute (AD) and Bylaws (ART)?
  5. Is the field of activities related to the required goods / services?
  6. Has managerial skills and technical experience in providing goods / services that are represented in the past three years?
  7. Has an audited balance sheet for the past three years?
  8. Has an office with the correct, permanent, and clear address, either owned or rented?
  9. If CSOs enter into a partnership, they must have a partnership agreement

Hironimus Sugi, Provincial Manager of the INOVASI program in East Nusa Tenggara province, expressed his appreciation for the strong commitment of the Sumba district governments to scaling out INOVASI’s pilot approaches. The significant budget allocation for program replication reflects this commitment. To date, funds spend replicating INOVASI’s pilots for all four districts has reached almost 11 billion Rupiah.

Since 2018, INOVASI has commenced or finished implementing a range of pilot programs across Sumba Island, some of them in partnership with other education institutions or NGOs. Four partner grantee pilots have now finished, including Balanced Reading conducted by the Indonesian Children’s Literacy Foundation (YLAI) in West Sumba and Southwest Sumba, Inclusive Education (Disability) by the CIS Timor Society in East Sumba, Multilingual Learning Based on Mother Language (PMB-BBI) implemented by the Suluh Insan Lestari Foundation (SIL) in Southwest Sumba, and the Sulinama Foundation in East Sumba, and the Child Friendly Library Program with Taman Bacaan Pelangi in all four Sumba districts.

Said FPPS Chairperson Umbu Lili Pekuwali, INOVASI has been proven to accelerate children’s learning progress in schools.  “We saw for ourselves in the field and heard from the experiences shared by INOVASI teachers in partner schools. Many things have changed, the class atmosphere has changed, the speed of mastery of children in literacy has improved. When compared with the previous situation, this is a positive thing to follow up on.”

Last month’s workshop was well attended by FPPS members from four Sumba districts, Financial Administration Officers or Commitment Making Officers (PPK) of the four district Education Offices, the NTT INOVASI provincial team and private sector representatives such as NTT Bank, BNI Bank, BRI Bank, and Muria Sumba Manis (MSM).

Replicating INOVASI’s pilot programs in Sumba through local ownership