East Sumba

Pilot: Multigrade Teaching

A multi-grade classroom is where a teacher teaches more than one grade at the same time in the same classroom. This approach is essential, especially in remote regions with small populations and in schools that lack teachers or classrooms. Multi-grade teaching is also a way of improving teacher deployment and student-teacher ratios and is useful for teachers who want to differentiate the learning for children with varied competencies.

Pilot: Inclusive Education (Disability) 2

This pilot focuses on issues of educational inclusion for children with learning disabilities. It works to ensure that children with learning difficulties are not only identified, but are participating and learning to their full potential. As a result of the pilot, it is expected that teachers can better identify students who have disabilities that affect learning, and address individual learner needs in the classroom.

Pilot: Early Grade Literacy 2

This pilot, commencing in July 2019, builds on the units from the Literacy 1 short course in the first half of 2019. In this follow on pilot, over a number of months and five units, teachers will gain a deeper understanding of how to apply key literacy approaches in the classroom, including guided reading, formative assessment, and running records. Participating teachers will be able to gain credits to advance their careers and INOVASI will implement the courses in routine, cluster-based, teachers’ working group meetings, using local facilitators, to ensure the courses are affordable and scalable.

Pilot: Early Grade Literacy & Libraries (Rainbow Reading Garden)

Taman Bacaan Pelangi is a non-profit organization focuses on establishing child-friendly libraries in remote areas of Eastern Indonesia. Founded in 2009, to date, they have established 81 child-friendly libraries across 15 islands in Eastern Indonesia from Lombok all the way to Papua. In 2013, Taman Bacaan Pelangi received the “Nugra Jasa-dharma Pustaloka” Award from the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia for their literacy efforts.

Program focus: School libraries     

INOVASI and Taman Bacaan Pelangi’s program aims to nurture the habit of reading for children who live in remote areas in Eastern Indonesia, which will increase their literacy skills through the following: 1) establishment of child-friendly libraries in two local schools in each district. 2)  empowerment and capacity building of school teachers and  principals to manage child-friendly libraries and conduct reading programs. 3) establishment of a solid partnership/coalition with local stakeholders and partners – including Head of Education Office in the districts, school principals, teachers, parents, and local communities – and ensure post-program sustainability of the libraries.

Location: East Sumba, Central Sumba, Sumba Barat, and Sumba Barat Daya – East Nusa Tenggara

Duration: 12-Sep-18 until 11-Sep-19


  • Increased students’ learning outcomes in literacy
  • Improved school libraries facilities and its program
  • Increased students’ interest in reading

Website: tamanbacaanpelangi.com

Pilot: Inclusive Education – Disability (CIS Timor)


Circle of Imagine Society (CIS) Timor is a  volunteer association working to realize inclusive education in East Nusa Tenggara. CIS Timor’s overall mission is to inspire change through creating an NTT that is equal, peaceful, resilient, healthy and prosperous. CIS Timor believes that to achieve an NTT that is equal and prosperous, the approach needs to be inclusive so no-one is left behind.

Program focus: Inclusion

INOVASI and CIS Timor’s program aims to improve capacity of teachers, community in implementing inclusive education in nine (9) schools. Proposed activities include: 1)Training for teachers and principals in inclusive education – this will lead to establishment of inclusive model schools.  2) Community involvement to support inclusive learning via establishment of an inclusive learning center (ILC) .3) ‘Coalition for Change’ involving a range of stakeholders (government, community and school stakeholders) to advocate for education planning and budget to  improve education quality in Sumba Timur using an inclusive approach.

The three activities above are using twin track approaches to ensure all stakeholders support each other and together in improving literacy and numeracy through inclusive education.

Location: East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara

Duration: 12 September 18 until 11 August  2019


  • Increased community involvement in education
  • Improved understanding of parents and community of the rights of students with disability
  • Village governments have issued local policy to support children with disability

Website: cistimor.org

Pilot: Language Transition in Early Grades (Sulinama)

The Sulinama Foundation was established in 2001 in Ambon, Maluku. It aims to build the capacity of communities, individuals and institutions by providing training and facilities for them in the field of practical vocational skills and non-formal education based on mother tongue. The Sulinama Foundation partners with various parts of society, social organizations, and governments in carrying out these development efforts.

Program focus: Mother tongue based multilingual education

INOVASI and the Sulinama Foundation’s program which was implemented in 9 schools is two fold: 1) to improve early grade teachers’ skills in teaching literacy basic skills introducing scaffolding, i.e. phonemic and alphabetical awareness, vocabulary, fluency and reading comprehension; 2) to develop early graders’ capacity in reading and writing using leveled decodable reading books in mother tongue in Sumba Timur. Some activities of the proposed program include:

  1. Training of teachers initially over four days on basic concepts of literacy and phonemic awareness, then through the teachers working groups (KKG) once a month on the following month’s materials.
  2. Writing of leveled decodable books in mother tongue
  3. Printing of leveled decodable books in bahasa Indonesia.

Location: East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara

Duration: 12 September 2018 until 30 November 2019


  • Increased students’ basic literacy skills
  • Improved teachers’ teaching practices
  • Increased parental involvement in education

Website: yayasansulinama.com

Pilot: Early Grade Literacy

This pilot, commencing in the latter part of 2018, will work to strengthen basic literacy skills and support teachers to improve teaching practice and improve student learning outcomes. Over a number of months and units, teachers will gain a deeper understanding of how to apply basic literacy teaching approaches in the classroom, including reading, comprehension, the use of big books, and assessment. Participating teachers will be able to gain credits to advance their careers and INOVASI will implement the courses in routine, cluster-based, teachers’ working group meetings, using local facilitators, to ensure the courses are affordable and scalable. This pilot finished in July 2019.

Where we work